Sacroiliac Joint Treatment


The Sacroiliac joint is a firm, small joint located at the junction of the spine and the pelvis and formed by the connection of the sacrum and the right and left iliac bones.  Unlike other joints such as those in the knees, hips, and shoulders, the sacroiliac joint does not move much, but it is responsible in the twisting movements of the legs and in the transferring of load from the upper body to the lower part.  It may only make only minimal movements but without which the pelvis is at risk of being fractured.

Inflammation or sacroiliac joint dysfunction can be a difficult problem to diagnose because the joint is not easily manipulated and tests cannot readily isolate just the sacroiliac joint.  However there are varied SI joint pain treatment techniques used to treat sacroiliac joint pain, namely:
Sacroiliac Joint Treatment Using Varied Techniques

Thompson Technique. Designed by Dr. J. Clay Thompson, who himself suffered from injury, utilizes the “Segmental Drop Table”, which takes advantage of the spine’s inherent structure to enhance movement of the spinal segment.  His technique of adjustment involves analysing the length of the legs, and is performed on a drop table where a gentle thrust is applied to the joints, which consequently sets the drop piece to move and stimulate muscle tissues or joints. Thompson created a headpiece that fall or drops away as adjustment was applied.  This headpiece performed well so much so that he modified his table with additional drop sections to adjust the lumbar, dorsal and pelvic area.  Since then, the drop-piece tables have become a popular facility in the chiropractic field.

Gonstead Technique. Developed in 1923 by Dr. Clarence Selmer Gonstead, these chiropractic techniques address all areas of subluxation, which refers to the incomplete or partial misalignment of the spine causing a pinched nerve.  As the early chiropractic and medical professions were interested in using the x-ray machine to find the subluxation but without getting definite answers, Gonstead recognized that a number of pains displayed consistent spinal patterns that were contrary to basic mechanical engineering principles. Influenced by his earlier experience as an auto mechanic, he developed a technique of analysing the spine using the weight-bearing X-ray films, and by applying different levels of pressure, Gonstead was able to increase muscle and joint mobility. As the Gonstead ideas matured, they became known as the Level Foundation principle and the Gonstead Disc Concept.

“The Level Foundation principle states that any deviation of the spine by a particular segment away from vertical straight is an area of potential misalignment; any deviation of the spine by a particular segment that returns the spine to vertical straight is an area of compensation. Besides, the Gonstead disc concept stands on the belief that the main cause of nerve pressure is the vertebral disc.

Activator Technique.  Founded by Drs. Arlan Fuhr and WC Lee in 1967, the Activator Method Chiropractic Technique is prominent in the restoration of spinal balance safely and successfully. The technique is a gentle, low-force approach to chiropractic care that has brought tremendous relief among patients with varied health problems since its inception.  This technique incorporates the latest advances in orthopaedic, neurological and chiropractic examinations in applying spinal adjustments using research-based analysis and the Activator Adjusting Instrument to help restore spinal balance.

Diversified Technique.  Initially developed by Daniel David (D.D) Palmer, the Diversified Technique or DT is one of the most effective and most commonly used adjustment techniques by chiropractors.  The technique is one of the simplest ways to perform spinal and joint manipulation characterized by high velocity low amplitude procedure that aims to restore proper movement and alignment of the spine.  Although the treatment is painless, many people dislike it because of the clicking and popping sounds the joints produce throughout the treatment.
You may find that some of the SI joint pain treatment techniques are not in practice anymore in certain country.