Other symptoms include buttock pain or radiating pain, numbness or tingling in the hips, groin, or legs. You may experience sacroiliac joint pain as a sharp, throbbing pain that radiates from the hips and pelvis to the lower back and to the thighs. Sometimes you may feel numbness or tingling, or as if your legs are about to bend. It can be a dull or sharp pain.
It begins in the sacroiliac joint, but can extend to the buttocks, thighs, groin, or upper back. Sacroiliitis is a painful condition that affects one or both sacroiliac joints. These joints are where the lower part of the spine and the pelvis meet. Sacroiliitis can cause pain and stiffness in the buttocks or lower back, and the pain can affect one or both legs.
Standing or sitting for a long time or climbing stairs can make the pain worse. Chronic low back pain can have a dramatic impact on daily activities, as well as on the ability to work and exercise. The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is a very common source of lower back pain and is often misdiagnosed as a problem with the discs or spine. The first key to understanding SIJ pain is to understand anatomy.
There are two SIJ in the body, located on either side of the bone in the shape of a triangle in the lower part of the spine, where it connects to the pelvis. SIJs are a shock absorber for the spine and provide stability to the body while running, walking or jumping. The maximum the joint moves when sliding is probably only 2 to 4 millimeters, and it can tilt and turn two or three degrees. Ankylosing spondylitis (AD) is an autoimmune disease that causes a type of inflammatory arthritis that affects the vertebrae and joints of the spine.
The body releases hormones that cause joints to relax and move more, causing changes in the way joints move. While AD primarily affects the sacroiliac joints, it can also cause inflammation in other joints and, more rarely, in the organs and eyes. Stretching the muscles surrounding the sacroiliac joint can help reduce pain by relieving tension in the lower back. The doctor can use a needle to permanently damage the nerve that sends pain signals from the sacroiliac joint to the brain.
In sacroiliac joint fusion surgery, small plates and screws hold the bones of the sacroiliac joint together so that the bones fuse or grow together. While gout almost always affects the big toe first, all joints, including the sacroiliac joint, can be affected. Every joint contains many nerve endings that can cause significant pain if the joint is damaged or loses its ability to move properly. All the bones in the sacroiliac joints are connected by very strong muscles and ligaments, which add stability and allow limited movement.
The symptoms of an inflamed sacroiliac joint are also very similar to those associated with conditions such as sciatica, bulging discs, and hip arthritis. The joints are located deep in the body, making it difficult for the doctor to examine or test their movement. Still, just as staying agile and active can help prevent other joint pain, you may be able to slow the progression of sacroiliac joint pain by exercising and choosing a healthy lifestyle.